Any materials highly resistant to the effects of heat. In kiln construction, high-temperature insulating materials, such as firebrick, ceramic fiber, etc. In clay and glaze chemistry, the neutrals or stabilizers that are resistant to melting and that combine with the fluxes (bases) and glass-formers (acids). Primary refractory material in ceramics is alumina, most often introduced in the form of clay (aluminum silicate). Source: Clay: A Studio Handbook

Back to Glossary