Ever since filming Andrew Gilliatt's DVD Layers of Color many moons ago, I have coveted a die cutter. They make short work of making custom stencils in the clay studio, and if you make complicated stencils, they are really a must. Plus, there are other uses for them besides stencils.
In today's post, an excerpt from the Ceramics Monthly archives, Linda Arbuckle explains how artists are using die cutters in creative ways in their ceramic work. I'm going to start saving my pennies so I can get one of these awesome tools soon!! - Jennifer Harnetty, editor.
New tools and new decorating possibilities!
by Linda Arbuckle
During a residency at the Archie Bray Foundation for the Ceramic Arts in Helena, Montana, in 2013, I saw Andrew Gilliatt using a die cutter to cut resist shapes out of stick-on label material. These shapes worked with the shapes of his laser-printed decal images. I was fascinated, and although I didn’t really connect die-cut images with my studio practice, I wanted to learn more about this tool for pattern making.
Pots to die (cut) for!
Let your imagination run loose as you watch Andrew Gilliatt perform wonders with forms, molds, plaster, colored slips and then top it all off with stencil-resist decoration and decals. Both energetic and entertaining, Andrew guides you step-by-step through some uncommon and creative techniques in his video Layers of Color. And now you can buy the video for $20 off list price!
In the studio, there are often many choices in tools. The specific tool can influence the end result. Tools have long been a part of making in clay—from objects pressed into clay for texturing to press molds, from turntables to kick wheels to electric potters’ wheels. In the 21st century we have new choices in digital tools, including printing laser decals, digital polychrome decal printers, 3-D printers, and die cutters or plotter cutters.
Plotter cutters have been around for some time, most often used by sign shops to cut vinyl for signs and commercial lettering, like the text you see on gallery and museum walls. The low-end, entry-level machine was in the $1000 range. Artists did use these for other purposes, but the cost and size of the tool meant a serious commitment before purchase. Clay artist Bennett Bean was an early adopter of this technology for use in creating his painterly surfaces. In 2007 he went from cutting all his stencils by hand to using a Roland Cut Pro for stencils and sandblasting resists.
Die Cutters in the Potter’s Studio
Some of the most obvious uses of a die cutter are making stencils for use with slip or underglaze, templates for forms, and/or patterns for making texture on soft slabs.
Chris Pickett, resident at the Armory Art Center in West Palm Beach, Florida, is cutting 300-pound watercolor paper on his KNK Zing to make a form that is both a template for his handbuilt tumbler shape, and a tool for making a relief design when rolled onto a soft slab.
Minneapolis, Minnesota-based artist Kip O’Krongly is known for her layered slip work on functional earthenware with images of agriculture, transportation, energy production, and nature. She initially cut stencils for her images out of plastic tablecloths with an X-Acto knife. While the stencils were re-usable, it was a slow process. O’Krongly now uses a die cutter to cut her designs from bamboo paper. Ordinary letter paper is too thin to cut well. O’Krongly’s solution was to use re-positionable spray adhesive to laminate together two sheets of bamboo paper together for cutting, then she peels them apart after cutting, like sticky notes, to create two cutouts of the same design. She uses the cut shapes as friskets to reserve the ground color when putting on more layers of slip.
My own adventures with a die cutter have produced Tyvek stencils that I hold against raw glaze (adhesives don’t stick to raw glaze) and use to make shaped color areas in majolica. This helps me produce certain wide shapes or toothed edges that are difficult to do in one brushstroke. When asked to participate in the “Disaster, Relief and Resilience” cup show at Crimson Laurel Gallery to support the Craft Emergency Relief Fund (CERF), I used a different process with the die-cut stencils and slip on terra cotta.
I’ve also used the die cutter to cut out sheets of solid-color decal material. Online, Chinese Clay Art and Held of Harrogate currently sell sheets of solid-color cone 017 screened china paint decals. Held also sells sheets of luster for hand or machine cutting. These are not stated as food safe. Ceramic ART Cart is developing a line of food-safe decal media color sheets, and I have cut some of the prototypes, and anxiously await commercial availability of food-safe, solid-color decal sheets.
There are many varieties, brands, and price points in plotter-cutters. As they say, your mileage may vary. Andrew Gilliatt and Kip O’Krongly use a Silhouette Cameo (www.silhouetteamerica.com), Chris Pickett and I both use a KNK Zing (http://knkusa.com), and Bennett Bean uses a Roland Cut Pro (www.rolanddga.com).
For more interesting decorating techniques, download your free copy of Five Great Pottery Decorating Techniques: A How-to Guide for Decorating Ceramics with Slip Transfers, Chinese Brush Techniques, Ceramic Slip, Sgraffito, and More.